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Aconcagua Provincial Park

Aconcagua comes from two words indigenous to the Quechua language, spoken by the Incas. 
It is derived from the words Akon-Kahuak, which means "Stone Sentinel."

The Aconcagua Provincial Park in the Central Andes is located to the northwest of the Mendoza Province, Argentina, between 60º 50´ longitude west and 32º 39' latitude south, 180 kilometers (approx. 121 miles) from the city of Mendoza (the capital city of the province). 

This protected natural area was created in the 1983 in an effort to preserve its cultural treasures (flora, fauna and important archeological sites). It is home to numerous glaciers. 

The Aconcagua Provincial Park is one of the ten natural reserves that form the system of Protected Natural Areas of the Mendoza province and one of the three protected areas of the high mountains, in addition to the Tupungato Volcano and the Laguna del Diamante. 

Aconcagua Park is bordered in the west and southwest by the lower Valley of the Horcones, and by the Valle de las Vacas to the east and north. 

With a surface area of 71,000 hectares it is home to many peaks higher than 5000 meters above sea level (approx. 16,404 feet).  In the higher Valley de Horcones it is possible to find Mount Cuerno (5.450), Catedral (5,200), Bonete (5,100) and De los Dedos (5,500). 
In the lower Valley of Horcones you can find Mounts Mirador (5,800), Ibáñez (5,200) and Almacenes (4,800). 
In the Valley de las Vacas the Mounts Ameghino (5,800), Fitz Gerald (5,300), Santa Maria (5,100) stand out, as well as all of the mountains from the Cordon de Penitentes. 
The highest elevation of Aconcagua Park, Mount Aconcagua, which stands at 6962 meters above sea level, is the highest in the Western Hemisphere and the second highest mountain in the Seven Summit Circuit.

Mount Aconcagua resides completely within the territory of Argentina, approximately 12 kilometers from the border with Chile.





The water resources of the Park include a number of glaciers that cover an approximate area of 32 square kilometers, and between them you can find the Glacier de los Polacos (700 ha), las Vacas (2000 ha), Güssfeldt (1000 ha), and the lower and upper Horcones. 

The melting from these glaciers pours their waters into the lower and upper River Horcones, through the Quebrada de Horcones and to the Rio Vacas through the Quebrada of the same name. 

On a smaller scale, the area receives additional water from precipitation, mainly snow, that reaches an annual average of between 400-600 millimeters. 

Lake glaciers do not exist in this area, only the remains of them in the high areas of the mountains. 

The Horcones Lake is the most important lake in Park Aconcagua.



The Argentine Republic (official name), is a sovereign state and it is represented as a       federal republic.
The name Argentina comes from the Latin “argentum” and means silver.  This association is based on legends about a country rich in silver that were common among the first explorers who penetrated this region. 
On May 25, 1810, by means of the May Revolution, the first government for the country was established. 
On July 9, 1816, in the city of San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina’s Independence was proclaimed.


Location and International Boundaries

The Argentine Republic is located at the southern end of South America.

The international boundaries are:
North: Bolivia and Paraguay
South: Chile and the Atlantic Ocean
East: Brazil, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean
West: Chile

Argentina Location



To the west along the entire length of the Argentine Republic extends the Andes Mountain Range. In this great mountainous chain, in the province of Mendoza, lies Mount Aconcagua.  At 6962 meters (22,840 ft), this mountain is the highest in the world outside of Asia.
Several other mountainous groups, although much smaller in height, with more space between them, and separated by great valleys, are found towards the east of the Andes. 
The north, center and east of the country are occupied by a great plain with gentle undulations and very fertile lands. 
To the south of Argentina is the Patagonia plateau, composed of a group of high plateaus, and high and arid plains that extend from the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean.


Highest Mountains in Argentina

Name and location Altitude
Mount Aconcagua (Mendoza) 6.962 meters
Mount Pissis (La Rioja / Catamarca) 6.882 meters
Mount Ojos del Salado (Catamarca / Chile) 6.879 meters
Mount Mercedario (San Juan) 6.770 meters
Mount Bonete Chico (La Rioja) 6.759 meters
Mount Tres Cruces (Catamarca / Chile) 6.749 meters
Mount Llullaillaco (Salta / Chile) 6.739 meters
Mount Del Nacimiento (Catamarca) 6.658 meters
Mount Incahuasi (Catamarca / Chile) 6.600 meters
Mount Tupungato (Mendoza / Chile) 6.635 meters


Seasons in the Southern Hemisphere

Summer December 21 to March 20
Autumn March 21 to June 20
Winter June 21 to September 20
Spring September 21 to December 20



The City of Mendoza was founded on 2 March 1561 by the Spanish Don Pedro del Castillo in an area originally inhabited by the Huarpe Indians.

Three centuries later, in 1861, an earthquake completely destroyed the colonial town. Those who survived the earthquake rebuilt a city destined to become one of the most important metropolitan areas in the country.

Mendoza is located in western Argentina, some 690 miles (1,100 kilometers) west of Buenos Aires and at 2,500ft (760 meters) above sea level. It has a population of one million and it is home to numerous industries among them wineries, food processing companies, oil refineries and manufacturers of industrial machinery. Tourism is also an important economic activity in Mendoza.
Climate: The province has a semi-arid climate. The mountain range on the west of Mendoza works as a natural barrier to humid winds blowing in from the Pacific.

Local Time Mendoza (as well as the rest of Argentina): is located 4 time zones west of the Greenwich meridian.


The official currency is the Argentine Peso and its symbol is $

Paper notes exist in denominations of $2, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100
Coins exist as $1, $0.50, $0.25, $0.10, and $0.05


Monye Exchange

Getting to Mendoza: Mendoza's airport also offers excellent connections to international flights from Buenos Aires, Cordoba and Santiago de Chile.
The city is an important hub for land transportation. The city's bus station has several daily services to all Argentinean provinces, as well as to Chile.

Language: Argentina's official language is Spanish. English is spoken at most travel agencies, hotels and tourist information offices.

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